Posted on: December 11, 2022 Posted by: admin Comments: 0

UTI occurs when bacteria enter the urinary system—the kidneys, bladder, or urethra. Each year, UTIs result in about 8.1 million visits to healthcare professionals. Approximately 60% of women and 12% of men will get at least one UTI in their lives.

How Does The Urinary Tract Function?

The kidneys regulate the amounts of various substances in the body (such as sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, and others) as well as the acidity of the blood. The kidneys also produce some hormones. These hormones aid in blood pressure management, red blood cell creation, and bone formation.

Normal urine contains no microorganisms, and the one-way flow aids in infection prevention. Bacteria can still enter the urine via the urethra and migrate up into the bladder.


The lining of your bladder and urethra turns red and inflamed, exactly like when you have a cold. The inflammation can cause pain in your lower belly, pelvic area, and sometimes your lower back, and it typically makes you want to urinate more frequently. The most frequent symptom is burning or discomfort during urination. You can even have a strong need to urinate but only receive a few drips. This is because the bladder is so inflamed that you feel the need to urinate even though there isn’t much urine in your bladder. You may occasionally lose control and release pee. You may also notice that your urine stinks and is hazy.

Kidney infections frequently produce fevers and upper back discomfort, generally on one side. Nausea and vomiting are common UTI signs and symptoms of kidney infections.


Many bacteria live in the vaginal and rectum areas, as well as on your skin. They may even reach the kidney. Bacteria in the urinary system, however, can create difficulties no matter how far they go.

Some people are more susceptible to UTIs than others, just as some people are more susceptible to colds. Women are more prone than males to have a UTI because their urethras are shorter, allowing germs to travel a shorter distance to enter the bladder.

Some of the variables that might increase your chances of acquiring a UTI are:

Body Elements

Women who have gone through menopause, they have changes in their vaginal lining and lose the protection provided by estrogen against UTIs. Some women are genetically susceptible to UTIs and have urinary tracts that make germs stick to them more easily. Sexual activity can also influence how frequently you develop UTIs.

Birth Restrictions

When compared to those who use other means of birth control, women who use diaphragms have greater risk of UTIs. Using condoms containing spermicidal foam has also been associated with an increased incidence of UTIs in women.

Anatomy That Isn’t Normal

Urinary tract anatomical anomalies can also cause UTIs. These anomalies are commonly detected in children at a young age, although they can also be present in adults. There may be anatomical abnormalities, such as diverticula, which house germs in the bladder or urethra, or obstructions, such as an enlarged bladder, which prevent the body from emptying all of the urine from the bladder.

The Immune System

Diabetes (high blood sugar) puts people at a higher risk for UTIs because the body is unable to combat bacteria as adequately.

Can UTIs Be Avoided?

You may avoid UTIs by taking the following precautions:

  • Drink plenty of fluids (around 2 L per day) to stay hydrated.
  • Don’t put off peeing when you need to, and don’t speed through the process. Holding in pee and not completely emptying your bladder might raise your risk of UTIs.
  • Cranberry pills may aid in the prevention of UTIs.